The weird and wonderful sea creatures of Mozambique

Scuba diving in Mozambique is an extremely popular activity, as it allows one to see the fascinating marine life which Mozambique has to offer. The oceans of Mozambique offer a vast selection of untapped beauty and scuba divers are continuously discovering new species which they didn’t even know existed! In this article, we look at some of the weird and wonderful sea creatures which can be discovered in the waters on Mozambique.

Whale sharks

When scuba diving in Mozambique, you may come across whale sharks which are an endangered species. Whale sharks are the largest living fish in the world, and have faint markings of thin white vertical bars, as well as white spots. Although these sea creatures are big, they are actually harmless and have peaceful natures.
Whale Sharks have flat heads and eat small fish and plants. They also use their wide mouths to take in large amounts of sea water, using a filter-feeding method to trap food particles.

Manta rays

Mantra rays are mysterious sea creatures who are related to the sting ray, although they don’t have a stinging barb. Their mouths are lined with sharp teeth and are situated on top of their heads! These teeth, however, are not for eating purposes. Instead, a filter feeding system is used.
Manta rays are extremely fast as they swim around the ocean, and are also able to fling themselves completely out the water! Their swimming action is fairly graceful and these sea creatures are also known to be quite curious. Manta rays can be spotted mainly in Praia do Tofo and the Bazaruto Archipelago.


Dugongs are rare sea creatures which are generally found in the coastal waters of Mozambique. These endangered marine animals eat sea grass and regularly rise to the surface of the water as they need air to breathe. Underwater they can hold their breath for more than 5 minutes. Dugongs are quite shy, so if you are lucky enough to spot one while scuba diving in Mozambique, don’t expect it to come near you!
Dugongs do not have good eye site, so they use a range of sounds to communicate with each other. Dugongs can be spotted in shallow coastal waters where sea-grass is abundant and they can shelter from heavy storms and waves.

Leafy sea dragon

We simply had to include the leafy sea dragon, as it is so confusing to the naked eye. This is because it looks like a piece of seaweed!


The name says it all as this sea creature of Mozambique looks just like a blob! This creamy-coloured mound of jelly is also known to be extremely lazy, as their diets consists merely of whatever happens to float by. When scuba diving in Mozambique, give these little creatures a squish!
Scuba diving in Mozambique will open your eyes to a whole range of sea creatures and if you are lucky enough, you may spot those mentioned above.

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